Cheng Yuan (程渊), Liu Dazhi (刘大志), Wu Gejianxiong (吴葛健雄)

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Cheng Yuan (程渊), Liu Dazhi (刘大志), Wu Gejianxiong (吴葛健雄)

Cheng Yuan (程渊), Liu Dazhi (刘大志), Wu Gejianxiong (吴健雄)

Criminal charge: Subversion of state power

Length of Punishment: N/A

Court: N/A

Trial Date: N/A

Sentencing Date: N/A

Dates of Detention/Arrest: July 22, 2019 (criminal detention); August 26, 2019 (arrested)

Place of Incarceration: Changsha City Kaifu District Detention Center, Hunan Province


Hunan Province police criminally detained three staff members of an anti-discrimination NGO in Changsha—Cheng Yuan, Liu Dazhi and Wu Gejianxiong—in July 2019 on suspicion of “subversion of state power.” The precise reason the men have been deprived of their liberty is unknown. They were initially disappeared, and lawyers and family members inquired about their whereabouts on July 24 at Wangcheng District Public Security Bureau in Changsha. Wangcheng police denied that their bureau had ordered the detention, and the families only began to receive information from authorities on July 25 that national security officers had taken the men into custody. Wu Gejianxiong’s family is the only one to have received an official criminal detention notice, which listed his detention location as a Hunan national security detention hall, though a family member of one of the three later confirmed that they are being held in the same Changsha detention center.

On August 26, 2019, as the 37-day limit for criminal detention was approaching, Cheng Yuan’s lawyer received a phone call from authorities that all three men had been formally arrested on “subversion” charges. Cheng Yuan’s family later received a written arrest notice, which listed “Hunan State Security Hall” as his detention location.

The organization where the men had been colleagues, Changsha Funeng (长沙富能), is a public interest advocacy NGO established in February 2016 that promotes legal and rights protections for disadvantaged groups through policy advocacy and legal empowerment. Cheng Yuan, the NGO’s head, co-founded it with Yang Zhanqing (杨占青), a prominent anti-discrimination activist who was detained for several months in 2015 in reprisal for his advocacy work. A common advocacy tool Changsha Funeng has used is to apply for public disclosure of government information as allowed under Chinese law. 

Shortly before being taken into custody, Cheng Yuan had travelled to Hong Kong to handle some personal and organizational affairs, though he was not believed to have been involved in the public demonstrations occurring in the city. Liu and Wu were reportedly supposed to meet a lawyer the day they were seized. National security officers have told the men’s families that, since the case allegedly involves “national security,” it will be difficult for defense lawyers and relatives to meet with the detainees.

Cheng Yuan’s wife, Shi Minglei (施明磊), as well as his brother have faced harassment. The day Cheng was seized, police handcuffed and interrogated Ms. Shi, putting a hood over her head and issuing threats about her three-year-old daughter. Shi, who was let go early the next day after 18 hours in custody, was later placed under “residential surveillance” on “subversion” charges, and had personal items confiscated by police, despite her lack of ties to Cheng’s advocacy work. On August 3, 2019, she sent a letter of complaint about her mistreatment to the Hunan Province People’s Procuratorate, Changsha City People’s Procuratorate, and Hunan Province State Security Department, accusing the Changsha State Security Department of unlawful abuse of power in initiating a criminal case against her. 

Cheng Yuan, born on October 18, 1973, in Nanjing, began defending the legal rights of vulnerable groups in the late 2000s, first with the organization Tianxiagong (天下公, or Justice for All). He supported people with Hepatitis B and AIDS in discrimination cases, helping to alleviate systemic bias against these diseases in China. In 2013, Cheng worked on the country’s first-ever case in which an individual with AIDS received compensation for job discrimination. Cheng also has provided legal support, including through filing influential lawsuits, in cases related to the implementation of China’s household registration (hukou) system and one-child family planning policy.

Liu Dazhi, also known as Liu Yongze, 刘永泽, was born on May 16, 1977 in Hunan, and joined Changsha Funeng in 2017. Beyond his work with the group, he established the Changsha Chunyu Mutual Aid Team, which has focused on protecting workers’ rights, assisting victims of occupational diseases, and supporting the education of disadvantaged children whose families were affected by workplace illnesses. He has also worked on environmental issues; in 2014, Liu sought to have Changsha authorities publicly disclose data on tap water quality, and three years later applied for information disclosure on how, and in what quantities, biomedical waste was being disposed of in the city. 

Wu Gejianxiong, also known as Xiao Wu, 小吴, was born on January 1, 1995 in Hangzhou, and had only recently joined the NGO field before being detained. He had worked mainly in cooperation with lawyers on rights-defense cases.

Further Information

#FreeChangsha3: Wrongfully Detained HIV/Viral Hepatitis Activists, August 19, 2019, hepCoalition

Joint International Letter to Chinese Officials Calling for Release of “Changsha 3,”July 30, 2019 (中文版) 

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