Wu Gan (吴淦)

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Wu Gan (吴淦)

Wu Gan 吴淦

Wu Gan 吴淦

Crime: “Subversion of state power”

Length of Punishment: N/A

Court: Tianjin No. 2 Intermediate People’s Court

Trial Date: August 14, 2017

Sentencing Date: N/A

Dates of Detention/Arrest: May 20, 2015 (detained); July 3, 2015 (arrested) 

Place of Incarceration: Nanchang City Detention Center, Jiangxi Province (May 20 -May 27, 2015); Yongtai County Detention Center, Fujian Province (May 27, 2015 – January 2016); Tianjin No. 2 Detention Center, Tianjin Municipality (January 2016 – present)

Indictment: Tianjin City People’s No. 2 Procuratorate Indictment (Chinese)

Background Information

“I love my country. It’s because I don’t want to see hooligans monopolize political power and harm my country that I help people. Our thinking is very simple: we want to help make our country a happier place.”

– Wu Gan, describing the motivation for his activism in a video

Activist Wu Gan (吴淦), a prominent cyber activist known for unconventional advocacy campaigns that combine spirited online speech, humor, and street performance, was initially seized on May 20 outside a courthouse in Nanchang City in Jiangxi. Widely known by his screen name “Super Vulgar Butcher” (超级低俗屠夫), or “The Butcher” (屠夫) for short, Wu had gone to the city to stage a performance protest called “selling my body to raise funds,” to support harassed lawyers working on a death penalty case involving defendants who had been tortured to confess. Police alleged that Wu had cursed at the head of the court and held up protest signs in front of the courthouse, and Wu was issued a 10-day administrative detention. When that punishment was over, police from Fujian Province criminally detained him on May 27 on suspicion of “libel” and “picking quarrels and provoking trouble” and brought him to Yongtai Country Detention Center. A month later, police recommended he be arrested on those two charges as well as the more serious crime of “inciting subversion.” The Xiamen City People’s Procuratorate approved his arrest in July 2015 for “picking quarrels” and “inciting subversion.” Wu’s detention is also believed to be tied to the “709″ crackdown on human rights lawyers that began the same month he was formally arrested, as he had begun working that spring with Beijing Fengrui Law Firm, the main target of the crackdown.

After he was taken into custody, the state media agency Xinhua tried to vilify Wu’s campaigns. Published reports rebuked him for criticizing officials from Heilongjiang Province, where a policeman shot dead a male petitioner inside a train station in early May 2015. Wu and others had drawn the ire of authorities by expressing doubts online that the government’s investigation of the killing has any credibility. Beijing Fengrui publicly backed him following the media smear campaign, and he was represented in the case by Fengrui lawyer Wang Yu (王宇), whose own detention on July 9 marked the beginning of the massive police crackdown. Around January 20, 2016, Wu’s case was transferred to Tianjin, where the other “709” crackdown detainees are being held, and police re-started the period of investigation on his case, claiming that new evidence had emerged. On August 11, 2016, Tianjin authorities issued a notice to his lawyer refusing his request to visit Wu Gan, citing “national security” reasons and that Wu is now being held on suspicion of the more serious “subversion of state power” charge.

The Tianjin No. 2 People’s Procuratorate informed his lawyer, Yan Xin (燕薪), on August 22, 2016, that police had recommended indictment, and his case was moved to the prosecutor for review. On January 3, 2017, authorities at the Tianjin No. 2 Intermediate People’s Court confirmed to lawyer Ge Yongxi (葛永喜) that Wu Gan had been formally indicted and his case transferred to the court. Wu was eventually put on trial on August 14, 2017. Authorities informed Wu’s legal counsel in advance that the proceedings would be closed to the public, citing “evidence” in the case that they claimed pertained to “state secrets.” On the trial day, police officers outside the courthouse prevented supporters from observing the proceedings, and they reportedly detained over a dozen individuals. The court in Tianjin did not issue a verdict that day, announcing it would do so at a later date.

Wu Gan has often been denied access to his legal counsel, a familiar pattern with the “709” crackdown cases, and was held without a lawyer visit until nearly 19 months into his detention. On June 30, 2015, police denied a request for a visit by lawyer Yan Xin, citing that Wu’s “inciting subversion” charge falls under the category of “endangering state security” crimes, and that Yan’s meeting him might lead to “leaking state secrets.” Tianjin police denied another request by Yan on February 5, 2016. Authorities finally allowed Wu Gan to meet lawyers Yan and Ge for the first time on December 9, 2016. On that day, he told them he was in relatively good health but had lost about 30 kilograms in detention. He also said that police had kept pressuring him to confess, and his lawyers filed a complaint to prosecutors on December 16 over mistreatment Wu Gan had suffered. Lawyer Ge Yongxi was again denied a meeting with him, on May 2, 2017, and both he and lawyer Yan were reportedly blocked from meeting Wu on at least two other occasions later in May. Ge was allowed to meet Wu Gan on June 12, and lawyer Yan met the activist on June 21, 2017. Following these June visits, the lawyers indicated that Wu was “in good spirits,” and Yan observed that Wu appeared healthier than he had in December 2016.

Wu Gan, born February 14, 1972, has been detained, threatened, and interrogated many times for his unique human rights activism. A military veteran, Wu later worked as a security guard at the Xiamen Gaoji International Airport for over 10 years. He resigned in 2008 and became a blogger and then an activist. In 2009, Wu became well-known for his campaigns on several high-profile public interest cases, such as that of waitress Deng Yujiao (邓玉娇), who killed a government official after he tried to sexually assault her in Hubei, and a forced confession case in Kunming in Yunnan Province, when police accused a father of prostituting his middle school-aged daughters. In Fujian, around 2012-13, he befriended activist You Minglei (游明磊) and You’s girlfriend (now wife) Zhao Wei (), who is herself under arrest on suspicion of “subversion” as a part of the “709” crackdown. In a case believed to be retaliation for his son’s activism, Wu Gan’s father, Xu Xiaoshun (徐孝顺), was tried on charges of “evading official duties” in March 2016. Xu had first been detained in Fuzhou in 2013 and held for seven months before being released on bail. He was then re-arrested a month after Wu Gan was detained in 2015.

Further Information 

Sham Trial of Wu Gan Targets Free Expression, August 14, 2017, CHRD

China: Free Rights Lawyers, Respect Rule of Law, July 7, 2016, CHRD (中文)

Activist known for brash tactics among dozens held in China, Associated Press, July 26, 2015

Wu Gan Video from 2012, “吴淦(屠夫)预先录制视频:我不会自杀及不会放弃请律师 (Chinese and English subtitles),” Boxun News, July 4, 2015

[CHRB] Criminal Charges & State Media Smear Campaign Against Versatile Rights Activist, CHRD, July 2, 2015

Beijing Fengrui Law Firm Statement Concerning CCTV’s Report “Truth About Netizen Wu Gan ‘Super Vulgar Butcher” (北京锋锐律师事务所关于央视《网民“超级低俗屠夫”吴淦被拘真相》报道的声明), WQW, May 26, 2015

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