Jiang Tianyong (江天勇)

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Jiang Tianyong (江天勇)

Jiang Tianyong  江天勇

Crime: Subversion of state power

Length of Punishment: N/A

Court: N/A

Trial Date: N/A

Sentencing Date: N/A

Dates of Detention/Arrest: November 21, 2016 (disappeared); December 1, 2016 (residential surveillance at a designated location); May 31, 2017 (formally arrested) 

Place of Incarceration: Changsha No. 1 Detention Center (Changsha City, Hunan Province)

Background Information

Prominent human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong disappeared on November 21, 2016, at the Changsha South Train Station in Hunan Province, where he was meant to board a train to Beijing. Jiang had been in Hunan Province to meet with Chen Guiqiu (陈桂秋), wife of arrested human rights lawyer Xie Yang (谢阳), and Xie’s defense lawyers. For the next 25 days, Jiang’s family attempted to report his disappearance to police in Zhengzhou, Henan Province, where Jiang is a registered resident, as well as in Beijing and Changsha, but police refused to investigate.

In a state media report on December 16, 2016, Chinese authorities finally confirmed that Jiang was in police custody under “compulsory criminal measures”—the first information Jiang’s family received about his status since he disappeared. According to the report, public security officers took Jiang into custody on November 21 and gave him a nine-day administrative detention for “fraudulent use of another person’s ID.” The report then said that, on December 1, Jiang was placed under “compulsory criminal measures” for “illegally possessing documents classified as state secrets” (Criminal Law, Article 282) and “illegally disseminating state secrets overseas” (Article 111), among other unnamed “crimes.” However, on December 23, Jiang’s family received a notice from Changsha Public Security Bureau indicating that Jiang was under “residential surveillance at a designated location” on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power,” a different crime from the state media report. The police notice did not list where Jiang was being held. Authorities turned down a request from Jiang’s lawyer, Chen Jinxue (陈进学), to visit him and refused to release information on his whereabouts, claiming it may “endanger national security.”

When formally arrested in May 2017, Jiang was charged with the more serious crime of “subversion of state power.” At this time, authorities claimed that Jiang had “fired” his family-hired lawyers, continuing a trending government tactic of “forced-firing” of rights defenders’ legal counsel.

Jiang’s father, Jiang Lianghou (江良厚), attempted to sue Legal Daily and Procuratorate Daily, two state-run newspapers, for defamation over their reprinting of the state media report on Jiang’s detention. However, the Chaoyang District People’s Court in Beijing refused to docket the case, stating that it would “interfere with the law” as his case is still in the investigation phase. Shanghai No. 2 Intermediate Court also refused to hear the case. The article printed by the newspapers falsely asserted that the family had been notified of Jiang’s detention, and included unsubstantiated police accusations that Jiang had accepted overseas funding for a long time, used the Internet to spread rumors, and “incited” petitioners and family members to confront government institutions.

State media launched a series of articles and tv broadcasts in early March 2017, claiming Jiang had “fabricated” stories of Xie Yang being tortured, with the Global Times alleging that Jiang had told them he made up the stories. However, the circumstances of the state media reports are suspicious, as Jiang has been held incommunicado since disappearing in November 2016. On April 1, 2017, his lawyer was again denied a visit with him on the grounds it would “hinder the investigation” or “leak state secrets,” even though state media have been allowed to meet him.

Jiang, born May 19, 1971, is a leader of the China Human Rights Lawyers Group (中国人权律师团) and an outspoken supporter of detained rights lawyers from the “709 Crackdown.” He has defended or supported many high-profile human rights defenders, including lawyer Gao Zhisheng (高智晟) and legal advocate Chen Guangcheng (陈光诚). Judicial officials disbarred Jiang from practicing law in 2009 due to his involvement in such cases. Since then, Jiang has taken an active role in organizing Chinese human rights lawyers to provide legal counsel to victims of rights abuses and criticized authorities’ abuses of legal rights.

Authorities have tortured, disappeared, and arbitrarily detained Jiang Tianyong on several occasions. Police detained Jiang in March 2014 after he and three other lawyers went to investigate a “black jail” in Jiansanjiang City in Heilongjiang where Falun Gong practitioners were allegedly being held; Jiang was beaten in police custody and suffered eight broken ribs. In May 2012, police seized Jiang when he was on his way to visit Chen Guangcheng in a Beijing hospital, detained him for nine hours, and beat Jiang so badly that he suffered hearing loss. In addition, police forcibly disappeared Jiang for two months in the spring of 2011, following online calls in China to hold “Jasmine Rallies” just as pro-democracy movements spread across the Middle East and North Africa.

Further Information

Reply to Chinese Government Response on Zhou Shifeng, Hu Shigen, Xie Yang, Li Heping, Wang Quanzhang, Li Chunfu, and Jiang Tianyong, March 28, 2017, CHRD

China: Free Rights Lawyer Jiang Tianyong, Investigate His Enforced Disappearance and Torture, December 16, 2016, CHRD

Human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong has disappeared for nine days after visiting 709 family in Changsha, December 1, 2016, Jerome A. Cohen Blog

China Must Release Jiang Tianyong, Liu Feiyue & Huang Qi, Honor Commitment Made at UN to Protect Rights, November 30, 2016, CHRD

Submission to UN on Jiang Tianyong, Tang Jitian, Wang Cheng, and Zhang Junjie – May 16, 2014, CHRD

China Has Obligation to End Violence Against Lawyers, April 3, 2014, CHRD

Individuals Affected by Crackdown on Civil Society Following Call for “Jasmine Revolution”, CHRD

Submission to UN on Jiang Tianyong – October 24, 2011, CHRD

Police Roughly Handle and Take Away Human Rights Lawyer Jiang Tianyong, November 18, 2009, CHRD

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