Yuan Fengchu (袁奉初)Comments Off on Yuan Fengchu (袁奉初)
Yuan Fengchu 袁奉初
Crime: Picking quarrels and provoking trouble
Length of Punishment: Three years
Court: Chibi City People’s Court, Hubei
Trial Date: June 25, 2019
Sentencing Date: August 2019
Dates of Detention/Arrest: October 2, 2017 (detained); November 11, 2017 (arrested); October 2, 2020 (released)
Place of Incarceration: Chibi City Detention Center, Chibi Prison
Background Information on Current Detention
On October 3, 2017, officers from Chibi City Public Security Bureau took away Yuan Bing, Chen Jianxiong and Liang Yiming. The three had gone to the public security bureau the previous day to complain about the surveillance and harassment by officials from the local police station and town government officials. They were criminally detained on suspicion of “picking quarrels and provoking trouble” and held at Chibi City Detention Center. On November 11, 2017, Yuan Bing and Chen Jianxiong were formally arrested and Liang was released on bail. Yuan and Chen were repeatedly denied access to their lawyers.
On June 25, 2019, the Chibi City People’s Court tried Yuan and Chen. In August 2019, the court convicted them for “picking quarrels and provoking trouble” and sentenced Yuan Bing to three years’ imprisonment and Chen Jianxiong to three and a half years’ imprisonment.
On October 2, 2020, Yuan Bing was released from prison and returned home. On October 16, officers from the local police station forcibly cut his hair and took his blood sample, claiming to use that for DNA test. The officers also took his fingerprints and handwriting samples. When he confronted the officers and asked the reason for collecting his biometric data, the officers told him that they took order from above to collect the data as they consider Yuan Bing a “key dangerous person.”
Yuan Bing also disclosed that he was tortured in prison. His arms were hanged for seven days after he made some comments in the prison which almost left his arms disabled.
Crime: Picking quarrels and provoking trouble & gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place
Length of Punishment: Four years
Court: Chibi City People’s Court, Hubei
Trial Date: April 19, 2016
Sentencing Date: May 9, 2016
Dates of Detention/Arrest: May 25, 2013 (detained); July 12, 2013 (arrested); May 17, 2017 (released)
Place of Incarceration: Chibi City Detention Center (Hubei Province)
Criminal Complaint: Chibi City Public Security Bureau Recommendation for Prosecution (Chinese)
Indictment: Chibi City People’s Procuratorate Indictment (Chinese)
Background Information on Previous Detention
Yuan Fengchu (aka Yuan Bing 袁兵) was detained in Chibi City in Hubei Province with fellow activists Yuan Xiaohua (袁小华) and Huang Wenxun (黄文勋) in late May 2013 while on an “advocacy tour” that was intended to encourage civic activism and promote democracy and rule of law. Yuan was first held for 15 days under administrative detention on “unlawful assembly” charges, before police criminally detained Yuan for “inciting subversion of state power” on June 8, 2013 and then formally arrested him on that charge on July 13. He was denied access to his lawyer until that October 8, 2013. Yuan reported mistreatment in the detention facility by a fellow inmate. His lawyer also observed during their first meeting a wound on Yuan’s head with 5-6 stiches that he sustained as a result of an attack by a fellow inmate. Detention center guards ignored Yuan’s complaints about abuse and failed to investigate the incident. Yuan also reported to his lawyer that police repeatedly threatened him during interrogations and that he had been forced to do manual labour in the detention center.
Several months later in January 2014, the procuratorate proceeded to indict him on a different charge, “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place.” On March 13, 2014, Chibi City People’s Court held a pre-trial meeting for Yuan Fengchu, Yuan Xiaohua, and Huang Wenxun’s case, but did not hold a trial afterwards, to the suprise of the defence lawyers. Over a year later in October 2015, the procuratorate again changed the criminal charge, this time to “picking quarrels and provoking trouble.” Another pre-trial meeting was held on November 6, 2015. Yuan and Yuan Xiaohua were tried by Chibi City People’s Court on April 19, 2016 on two charges, “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place” and “picking quarrels and provoking trouble.” Yuan was released in May 2017 at the end of his sentence.
Born in 1982 in Hubei, Yuan moved to Guangdong Province and began to engage in activities promoting democracy since 2010. Yuan said he learned about Sun Yatsen’s Three Principles of the People and concepts of democracy from his grandfather and father when he was young. He travelled across China meeting activists and discussing strategies to move the democracy movement forward. Formerly a school security guard, Yuan lost his job after local authorities forcibly returned him to Hubei in 2012. Despite constant arbitrary detentions and violent retaliation, Yuan continued to protest peacefully on the streets on topics ranging from anti-corruption to ratification of the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights from late 2012 until he was detained. He had previously been detained with activist Liu Yuandong (刘远东) in January 2013 while taking part in a demonstration in support of the Southern Weekly newspaper outside its headquarters in Guangzhou.
Yuan Fengchu, “A Grassroots Dissident’s Brief Account of Prison Mistreatment ,” November 18, 2020, ChinaChange.org Translation
“Police Forcibly Disappear Rights Lawyer, Activist & Pastor; Publisher Geng Xiaonan Arrested,” China Human Rights Briefing, October 26, 2020, CHRD
Reply to Chinese Government Response on Huang Wenxun, Yuan Bing, and Yuan Xiaohua, March 28, 2017, CHRD
Submission to UN on Huang Wenxun, Yuan Bing & Yuan Xiaohua, July 25, 2016, CHRD
Alert: Two Activists Sentenced to Prison for Peaceful Rallies, May 9, 2016, CHRD
[CHRB] China Must Release 5 Activists on Trial: Cases Marred by Abuses (4/13-21/2016)
[CHRB] Rule Without Law: Prolonged Pre-Trial Detentions of Human Rights Defenders (1/23-29, 2015), CHRD
CHRD Letter to UN Legal Expert Regarding Deprivation of Detainees’ Right to Legal Counsel, August 18, 2014, CHRD
[CHRB] Guangdong Activists Going to Trial, Jiangsu Police Assault Pregnant Petitioners (3/7-3/13/2014), CHRD
Individuals Detained in Crackdown on Peaceful Assembly, Association & Expression, July 17, 2013, CHRD
[CHRB] Detained Activists Face Worsening Health & Mistreatment, Denied Access to Lawyers, and More (10/10-10/16, 2013)