Individuals Affected by Government Crackdown Around 25th Anniversary of Tiananmen Massacre

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Individuals Affected by Government Crackdown Around 25th Anniversary of Tiananmen Massacre

Last update: May 15, 2017 (this page is no longer being updated)

Two months before the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Massacre in 2014, Chinese authorities began detaining, disappearing, questioning, and intimidating Chinese dissidents, human rights lawyers and activists, journalists, and others. Many of the targeted individuals took part in the pro-democracy demonstrations in the spring of 1989. The crackdown was meant to preemptively silence any public expression about the bloody suppression of the pro-democracy protests, and to prevent any show of support to victims and their families who have struggled for a quarter-century to tell the truth about Tiananmen and fight for justice.

CHRD documented 150 individuals in total affected by the crackdown, which began at the end of April 2014. Of those, 65 individuals were put under criminal detention: 11 were tried and convicted; one indicted before released into “residential surveillance” at home before a trial; nine formally arrested before released on “bail pending further investigation;” and 44 released from criminal detention before a formal arrest. Fifteen individuals received administrative detentions before being released. Others were briefly detained, put under soft detention, brought in for questioning or had their homes searched.

Some in custody have been denied visits from their lawyers or have reportedly been tortured or ill-treated, including physical assaults, being deprived of adequate medical care, or verbal intimidation.

CHRD urged the Chinese authorities to unconditionally release all individuals detained in the suppression surrounding the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Massacre, and to guarantee the physical and psychological wellbeing of detainees.

22 July crackdown image

Cases categorized by types of detention:

(click on the blue links to read more detailed profiles on specific cases)

Tried & Convicted (total 11):

(alphabetical order)

Gao Yu (高瑜), a 70-year old Beijing-based dissident journalist, was sentenced to seven years in prison on April 17, 2015 by Beijing No. 3 Intermediate People’s Court for “illegally disseminating state secrets overseas,” following a November 21, 2014 trial. She was released on medical parole in November 2015 after an appeals court upheld her conviction but reduced her sentenced to five years. Authorities accused Gao of leaking a “top secret document” (CCP Document No. 9) to an overseas website. Police seized Gao and her son Zhao Meng (趙萌) on April 24, 2014 and arrested her on May 30, though her family never received an official notice of her arrest. Xinhua released video footage showing Gao “confessing” on May 8; her lawyer said her confession was forced, after police threatened her son, who was released on May 23. Gao was held at Beijing No. 1 Detention Center before her release on parole. Gao Yu was barred from publishing within China and also imprisoned for six years on charges of “leaking state secrets” in reprisal for backing the pro-democracy movement a quarter-century ago.

 

photo_2015-08-19_12-07-44Huang Fangmei (黄芳梅), received a two year prison sentence for “inciting subversion” on April 8, 2016, following a April 21, 2015 trial at Wuhan Intermediate People’s Court alongside Sheng Guan (below). Released at the end of her sentence on May 16, 2016. Wuhan police seized Huang while she was listening to a lecture by Buddhist monk Sheng Guan along with several others on May 17, 2014 and criminally detained her on charges of “inciting subversion of state power;” she was then formally arrested on June 25, 2014 and indicted on February 6, 2015. Huang was blocked from meeting her lawyer Liu Zhengqing (刘正清) for months, though granted meetings after her indictment. Initially held at held in Jiang’an District Detention Center, she was later moved to Wuhan No. 1 Detention Center. A former pharmaceutical worker in Wuhan, she was a follower of Buddhism and promoted citizen and social welfare movements. Born February 6, 1964, she also used the name Huang Jingyi (黄静怡).

 

贾灵敏老师Jia Lingmin (贾灵敏), activist from Zhengzhou, Henan, was sentenced to four years in prison on November 5, 2015 by Gongyi City People’s Court on charges of “creating a disturbance,” following a June 2, 2015 trial. She was tried alongside Liu Diwei (below) in Zhengzhou after the trial had been adjourned twice in April and May. Police initially picked up Jia on May 7, 2014 and criminally detained her the next day for “gathering a crowd to disrupt social order;” they then formally arrested her on May 30, 2014 on charges of “creating a disturbance.” Her detention stems from her repeated attempts to request help from police officers for people facing forced demolitions in Gaoxin District. Jia Lingmin is a rights activist who helps victims of forced evictions after suffering from a forced eviction herself. She is being held at Xinxiang Women’s Prison in Henan, and is expected to be released in May 2018.

 

Jiang-LijunJiang Lijun (姜力钧), a democracy activist and freelance writer, Jiang was sentenced to three years imprisonment for “creating a disturbance” on January 29, 2016, following a trial on July 10, 2015 by Dadong District People’s Court in Shenyang. Jiang was initially seized from his home on May 16, 2014 and criminally detained two days later on the single charge of “creating a disturbance.” Liaoning Police then arrested Jiang on June 25, 2014 on charges of “creating a disturbance” and “inciting subversion of state power,” allegedly for information that he circulated online. Jiang was held at Shenyang City No. 1 Detention Center. He was released on May 15, 2017 at the end of his sentence. Jiang was previously sentenced to four years for “inciting subversion of state power” after Yahoo provided details of his email account to Chinese authorities, who then used pro-democracy writings found in his email as evidence in his trial in 2003.

 

1Liu Diwei (), from Zhengzhou, Henan, was sentenced to 18 months in prison on November 5, 2015 by Gongyi City People’s Court on charges of “creating a disturbance,” following a June 2, 2015 trial. He was tried alongside Jia Lingmin (below) in Zhengzhou after the trial had been adjourned twice in April and May. Liu was released in November 7, 2015 at the end of his sentence, with pre-trial detention counting as time served. Police first seized Liu on May 7, 2014 and criminally detained him the next day on suspicion of “gathering a crowd to disrupt social order;” he wasthen  arrested on the charge of “creating a disturbance” on May 30, 2014. He told his lawyer Ma Lianshun (马 连顺) during a visit on August 1, 2014 that he had already been indicted by the procuratorate. Liu was initially held at Xingyang Detention Center, and then Zhengzhou No. 2 Detention Center until his release. His detention is related to his work with Jia Lingmin.

 

indexPu Zhiqiang (浦志强), a human rights lawyer, was convicted of “inciting ethnic hatred” and “creating a disturbance” on December 22, 2015, and given a suspended three-year sentence. In April 2016 he was formally disbarred. Pu was criminally detained on charges of “creating a disturbance” on May 6, 2014 after taking part in a June Fourth seminar three days earlier. Police arrested him on June 13, 2014 on charges of “creating a disturbance” and “illegally obtaining personal information.” Police later changed the criminal charges, and accused him of “inciting ethnic hatred” through seven social media posts mocking government police. He was held at Beijing No. 1 Detention Center until his release. Pu told his attorneys that he did not receive proper treatment for illnesses, particularly diabetes, for which he needs daily medication; applications for bail for medical reasons were turned down on the grounds that his release would pose a “danger to society.” Pu Zhiqiang, a Tiananmen student leader in 1989, has defended Re-education through Labor detainees, writers, and journalists in several high-profile cases and been an outspoken critic of official policies.

 

ShengGuan圣观

Sheng Guan (, real name Xu Zhiqiang 徐志强), received a four year prison sentence for “inciting subversion” on April 8, 2016. Xu was tried on April 21, 2015 at Wuhan Intermediate People’s Court alongside Huang Fangmei (above). Wuhan police first took him into custody on May 17, 2014 as he gave a lecture on Buddhism and then criminally detained him on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power;” he was then arrested on June 25. He was blocked from meeting his lawyer for extendend periods of time. Held at Wuhan No. 2 Detention Center before being moved to an unknown prison to serve his sentence. Expected release date May 17, 2018.  Sheng Guan was in Xi’an during the student protests of 1989 and was jailed for a year because of his participation. He became a buddhist monk in 2001 and has been under police surveillance for years due to his pro-democracy activities and views on human rights.

 

indexTang Jingling (唐荆陵), a 43-year old disbarred lawyer, received five year sentence on January 29, 2016 on charges of “inciting subversion of state power,” following a closed door trial at Guangzhou Intermediate People’s Court on July 23-24, 2015. Initially criminally detained on May 16, 2014 on suspicion of “creating a disturbance,” then arrested on June 20, 2014 on charges of “inciting subversion.” Indicted on May 14, 2015 along with Wang Qingying and Yuan Xinting (below). He is being held at Huaiji Prison in Guangdong, and is expected to be released on April 29, 2019. In recent years, police have detained, threatened, and tortured lawyer Tang in retaliation for his defending a wide range of human rights cases, and authorities have revoked his license to practice law.

Wang-QingyingWang Qingying (王清), a 32-year old activist, received 2.5 year sentence on January 29, 2016 on charges of “inciting subversion of state power,” following a closed door trial at Guangzhou Intermediate People’s Court on July 23-24, 2015. Released on November 15, 2016 after completely his sentence. Initially criminally detained on May 16, 2014 on suspicion of “creating a disturbance.” National security police from the Guangzhou Public Security Bureau also searched his home and confiscated laptops and phones. He was then arrested on June 20, 2014 on charges of “inciting subversion,” and indicted on May 14, 2015 along with Tang Jingling and Yuan Xinting. Wang was previously held at Guangzhou No. 1 Detention Center, after initially being held at Baiyun District Detention Center where he was tortured and mistreated. His lawyer Sui Muqing (隋牧青) visited him on May 23, 2014 and learnt that Wang was repeatedly slapped in the face by authorities for refusing to falsify evidence against Tang Jingling and Yuan Xinting. He also had been forced to work long hours and held in a 20-square meter room with 30 other inmates, and given very poor-quality and inadequate food. His lawyer reported after a visit on June 10, 2014 that Wang had been interrogated at least 20 times, sometimes for as long as 12-13 hours at a time, until Wang confessed. Since his forced confession, Wang’s treatment has reportedly improved and he can use the toilet, has been placed in a larger room, and is no longer beaten. Wang’s wife Zeng Jieshan (曾洁珊) has also been harassed and threatened by national security officers. Wang is a close associate of lawyer Tang Jingling in what is known as the “Non-violent Citizens’ Disobedience Movement,” spearheaded by Tang. Wang previously taught economics at Huali College of Guangdong Industrial University. After signing Charter 08, the manifesto promoting political reform and democratization in China, he lost his teaching job in 2009.

201506112301china2Yuan Xinting (袁新亭), a Guangdong-based activist in his 40s, received 3.5 year sentence on January 29, 2016 on charges of “inciting subversion of state power,” following a closed door trial at Guangzhou Intermediate People’s Court on July 23-24, 2015. Initially criminally detained on May 16, 2014 on suspicion of “creating a disturbance.” He was then arrested on June 20, 2014 on charges of “inciting subversion,” and indicted on May 14, 2015 along with Tang Jingling and Wang Qingying. Currently held at Sihui Prison in Guangdong Province and expected to be released on November 15, 2017. Previously held at Guangzhou No. 1 Detention Center. According to Yuan’s girlfriend, Yuan suffers from hypertension (high blood pressure) that requires daily medication, and hemmorrhoids, which have flared up and resulted in bloody excrement. Yuan is a close associate of lawyer Tang Jingling in what is known as the “Non-violent Citizens’ Disobedience Movement,” spearheaded by Tang. Originally from Sichuan Province, Yuan was disappeared during the “Jasmine Crackdown” in March 2011, and then released from police custody and sent back to Sichuan four months later. He had returned to Guangdong and resumed his activism.

photo_2016-04-08_15-13-16Zhang Kun (张昆), a New Citizens’ Movement member and activist from Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, received a two year sentence from Xuzhou Intermediate People’s Court on charges of “picking quarrels and provoking troubles” on April 7, 2015. He was released from Pengcheng Prison in Xuzhou City on April 8, 2016. Zhang was initially criminally detained on May 24, 2014 and then arrested on June 18, 2014 in retaliation for attending a street protest to commemorate June Fourth. He was held at Xuzhou City Detention Center but his whereabouts were unknown for a lengthy period of time. On June 16, 2014 his two lawyers Zhao Yongling (赵永林) and Chen Jiangang (陈建刚) were summoned for police questioning after attempting to visit him in the detention facility. In March 2015, his lawyers attempted to visit him at a psychiatric hospital he had reportedly been moved to, but were denied entry. His parents have reportedly been under intense police pressure not to release information about his case.

 

Indicted then released into “residential surveillance”:

 

陈卫和于世文-290x290Yu Shiwen (于世文), seized by police on May 26, 2014 after organizing a June 4th public memorial service in Hua County, Henan Province on February 2, 2014 with his wife Chen Wei (陈卫). He and his wife had been under house arrest after the February 2014 memorial service before being taken away by police in late May. He was criminally detained for “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place” on May 27, 2014 and then arrested on July 2, 2014 on charges of “creating a disturbance.” Indicted on February 12, 2015. Yu was held at the Zhengzhou No. 3 Detention Center until being released into “residential surveillance” at home on August 16, 2016.  He was then released on bail on February 16, 2017. Yu Shiwen and his wife were both student leaders during the 1989 student protests, and got married after they both served 18-month prison sentences.

 

Arrested then Released on “Bail Pending Further Investigation” (total 9)

 

imageQu Zhenhong (屈振红), the niece of detained lawyer Pu Zhiqiang (浦志强), she was was criminally detained on May 15, 2014 in Beijing and then arrested on June 13, 2014 on charges of “illegally obtaining person information.” The reason for Qu’s detention has not been confirmed, but some activists speculate that she was seized for “illegally obtaining personal information” about Zhou Bin (周滨), the son of the former national security chief Zhou Yongkang (周永康). Qu is a practicing lawyer who has worked in the same firm as her uncle and served on Pu’s defense team. Qu was released on “bail pending further investigation” on May 18, 2015.

 

201001122337china1Sun Haiyang (孙海洋), a Shenyang-based journalist for the overseas website Boxun (博讯), was first detained on May 16, 2014 along with Jiang Lijun (姜力均) (above) and Ning Xianhua (宁先华), who was later released on “bail pending further investigation.” Formally arrested on charges of “inciting subversion of state power,” “illegal business activity”, and “creating a disturbance” on an unknown date. Held at Shenyang Detention Center until his release on bail on March 19, 2015. Sun, born 1982, had previously spent 21 months in RTL from 2009-2010.

 

Five activists were arrested for “creating a disturbance” after taking part in a June 4th public memorial service in Hua County, Henan Province on February 2. The service commemorated the victims of the massacre, as well as former Chinese leaders Hu Yaobang (胡耀邦), whose death in 1989 was a trigger for the student protests, and Zhao Ziyang (赵 紫阳), who was deposed for supporting the students. Two of their lawyers were also arrested on the same charges, while two activists were released on “bail pending further investigation.” Police released all the remaining detainees except one–Yu Shiwen (于世文)–who was indicted in early 2015 before eventually being released.

Several activists who took part in this Tiananmen Massace memorial service in February were criminally detained in May

Several activists who took part in this February 2 Tiananmen Massacre memorial service in Henan were criminally detained in May

Mr Dong Guangping (董广平), from Zhengzhou, Henan, was picked up by police in Luoyang City on May 26, 2014. His home in Zhengzhou was later searched, and he was criminally detained on May 27 on charges of “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place,” before being arrested on July 2, 2014 on charges of “creating a disturbance.” Had been held at Zhengzhou No. 3 Detention Center until his release on “bail pending further investigation” on February 11, 2015. He previously spent three years in prison on the charge of “inciting subversion of state power” from 2001-2004.

Mr Hou Shuai (侯帅), had been taken away by Henan police on May 26, 2014 and put under criminal detention the next day for “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place,” before being formally arrested on July 2, 2014 on charges of “creating a disturbance.” In December, it was reported his case had been transferred to the procuratorate recommending indictment. Hou was held at the Zhengzhou No. 3 Detention Center until his release on “bail pending further investigation” on February 11, 2015. Hou is an environmental activist and previously ran as an independent candidate for local elections.

Chang Boyang (常伯阳), a well-known rights defense lawyer, was arrested on July 3, 2014 on suspicion of “illegal business activity.” He had been summoned for questioning on May 27 and afterwards was criminally detained on charges of “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place.” Chang was questioned at Erligang police station in Zhengzhou City, and then detained in Zhengzhou No. 3 Detention Center. He was the attorney of Shi Yu, Hou Shuai, and Fang Yan, who were taken away by police on May 26. Chang was released on “bail pending further investigation” on November 29, 2014.

Mr Ji Laisong (姬来松), a Zhengzhou, Henan lawyer Ji Laisong, was arrested on July 2, 2014 on suspicion of “creating a disturbance.” He had been criminally detained on charges of “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place” after going missing on May 26. Ji had been held at Zhengzhou No. 3 Detention Center after being moved from Xingyang City PSB No. 3 Detention Center. He was released on “bail pending further investigation” on September 2, 2014.

Ms Chen Wei (陈卫), the organizer of the service with her husband Yu Shiwen (于世文), was arrested on July 2, 2014 on charges of “creating a disturbance.” She had been taken away by police on May 26, along with Yu, and was criminally detained for “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place” on May 27. She and her husband had been held under house arrest from February until they were taken into custody. They were both student leaders during the 1989 student protests, and got married after they both served 18-month prison sentences. Chen had been held at the Zhengzhou No. 3 Detention Center until she was released on “bail pending further investigation” on September 2, 2014.

Ms Fang Hongwei (方鸿维 aka Fang Yan 方言), a Zhengzhou netizen activist, Fang was arrested on July 2, 2014 on charges of “creating a disturbance.” She had been taken away by Henan police on May 26, and criminally detained on May 27 on charges of “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place.” Her family received a criminal detention notice on May 29. She had been held at Zhengzhou No. 3 Detention Center of the Zhengzhou City Public Security Bureau Prison Administration Department until her release on September 2, 2014 on “bail pending further investigation.”

Mr Xu Guang (徐光), a China Democracy Party member, was formally arrested in Zhejiang Province on May 9, 2014 after allegedly planning a hunger strike to commemorate the Tiananmen Massacre. Xu, a participant in the 1989 pro-democracy movement, was charged with “inciting subversion of state power,” and criminally detained on April 3. Xu was released on July 31, 2014.

 

Criminal Detention (all have been released)

Mr Zhang Kunle (张坤乐), a Guangdong activist, was criminally detained on charges of “creating a disturbance” on June 2, 2014 for calling for papers to be submitted about June 4th online. Zhang was later released on an unknown date. Zhang, who was born in 1989, works in Shenzhen on social and charitable issues, but was forcibly sent to his hometown of Chao Shan village in the lead up to June 4th. There, he posted a message online asking for submissions for articles that analyzed the 1989 student movement from any social science discipline, and promised to take the author of best-written paper for a meal. A few days after the message was posted, Chao Shan police criminally detained Zhang.

Mr Pan Jianmin (潘建敏), an engineer, was criminally detained on the night of June 3, 2014 by Wuhan Qingshan Prefecture police on suspicion of “creating a disturbance.” He was held at Qingshan Prefecture Detention Center until he was released on June 23, 2014 after his mother passed away. He was reportedly being held for holding a sign while going shopping, posting messages online, and taking part in an online forum that organized June Fourth commemoration activities. Pan’s younger brother was told by officers that the crime Pan Jianmin is suspected of may be changed to “inciting subversion of state power.” Mr. Pan, and project manager in his fifties, has long been involved in pro-democratic activities in Wuhan.

Mr Zhany Yi (张毅), from Wuhan, was criminally detained on May 30, 2014 for “creating a disturbance” after he posted a message online. Zhang was held in Dongxihu District Detention Center until he was released on “bail pending further investigation” in June 16, 2014. He had posted a message on QQ soliciting ideas and comments on proposal for a demonstration that demanded work, dignity and right to survive. Zhang had gone to Qingshan District police station on April 21 with Pan Jianmin (潘建敏) to seek information about fellow activist Zhang Shiqing (张世清), but had his movements restricted afterwards and was warned by the head of a local police station before being taken into custody.  Zhang had taken part in the 1989 Tiananmen demonstrations and was injured as a result.

Zhu TaoMr Zhu Tao (朱涛), a Wuhan citizen, was criminally detained on suspicion of “creating a disturbance” on June 4, 2014 after standing in Shouyi Square in Wuhan. He posted a photo on QQ of him wearing black to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Massacre. Police carried Zhu away that evening, and searched his home. He was held in Hanyang District Detention Center before his release on “bail pending further investigation” on July 4. A worker at Wuhan Iron and Steel, Zhu has continuously taken part in citizen movements.

 

Mr Yin Yusheng (殷雨声 aka Yu Sheng 雨声), an independent investigative journalist, was seized by police in Liaoning Province on June 21, 2014 and then handed over to police in Zhengzhou, Henan where he was criminally detained on suspicion of “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place” on July 1. He was held in Luoyang City Detention Center until his release on “bail pending further investigation” on July 19, 2014. It is believed that Yin was taken into custody because he attended the memorial tribute in February for former Chinese leaders Hu Yaobang and Zhao Ziyang and victims of the 1989 massacre. A former 1989 student demonstrator, Yin was formerly with the state newspaper Chengdu Commercial Daily. He lost his job after reporting on a public security official’s son who tried to evade responsibility for killing a female student in a hit-and-run car accident at Hebei University in 2010 in the famous “My Father is Li Gang” case. He had earlier been seized by Hangzhou police in the evening of May 13 while in a restaurant with 10 other activists. He was taken to the Lingyinsi Police Station before being released.

Mr Zhao Huaxu (赵华旭), a 22-year-old university student from Beijing International Studies University, she was criminally detained on June 9, 2014 on a charge of “teaching the methods for the commission of a crime.” On May 24, Zhao sent out via Twitter an article titled “June 4 25th Anniversary, A Conceptual Plan for Fake Base Stations,” which hypothesized how to spread information on the Tiananmen Massacre and to promote a campaign to “Return to Tiananmen on June 4, 2014.” A “fake base station” can be utilized to rapidly send out a large number of cell phone text messages in a nearby area. Zhao warned in her article that, given the existing government crackdown on such stations, those who use the devices to spread information are likely to face criminal charges. Zhao has reportedly been “released on bail pending further investigation” though it is unclear when she was released, nor is it clear where she had been held.

Ms Jin Lili (金丽丽), a petitioner-activist from Beijing, was seized by police on June 7, 2014 and criminally detained the next day. She was held in Fengtai District Detention Center. Police conducted a search of her home and seized two computers and all of her petitioning material. They returned the next day to search her home again, and sealed the door. Jin was reportedly seized for taking part in a June Fourth commemoration activity with other petitioners. When she was released on July 11, 2014 she was in a wheelchair due to leg injuries sustained during mistreatment by police officers in the detention facility.

Mr Wu Jixin (吴继新), a Xuzhou City, Jiangsu petitioner, Wu was seized from his residence in Beijing on the evening of June 4, 2014 by Beijing public order personnel and then criminally detained on charges of “creating a disturbance.” His home was searched, and his computer was seized by police. Wu was held at Dongcheng District Detention Center. He was released on “bail pending further investigation” on July 11, 2014.

Ms Duan Shulan (段淑兰), a Hebei petitioner, was criminally detained on June 4, 2014 on suspicion of “creating a disturbance” while in Beijing. She was walking on Fuyou Street when police inspected her identity card and discovered she was a petitioner. They immediately took her into custody and then criminally detained her. Duan was held at Xicheng District Detention Center in Beijing before she was released on “bail pending further investigation” on July 11, 2014.

Mr Lü Cheng (), an activist from Hengyang City, Hunan, was taken away by police on June 3, 2014 and criminally detained on charges of “creating a disturbance.” He was held at Hengyang No. 2 Detention Center, and was released on July 8, 2014 on “bail pending further investigation.”

Mr Zhao Mu (赵牧), the head of Sohu.com’s blog service, he was criminally detained in the early morning of June 4, 2014 on suspicion of “creating a disturbance.” Zhao was held at Beijing No. 1 Detention Center, but has since been released on “bail pending further investigation,” though it’s unclear when he was released. According to his family, his detention is related to a message and photo he posted online about the Cultural Revolution two days before his arrest.

Mr Yin Zhengan (尹正安), a longtime labor activist from Hunan Province, was criminally detained on May 31, 2014 by Shaoyang City police on a charge of “creating a disturbance.” Police also raided Yin’s home on June 4. Yin was held at Shaoyang City Detention Center until his release on June 19. During his detention he went on a six-day hunger strike to protest his unlawful detention.

Mr Luo Qian (罗茜), a former Renmin University student leader in 1989, was taken away by Xinning County, Hunan national security officers on May 30, 2014 and criminally detained the next days later on charges of “creating a disturbance.” He was held at Dongkou County Detention Center, in Shaoyang City until his release on “bail pending further investigation” on June 30, 2014. Luo and his family were told by officers when he was initially taken away from his home that they were taking him “travelling,” a form of soft detention when an activist is taken from their city by police during sensitive times. The conditions of his bail means he is still under police restictions.

Mr Hua Yong (华涌), a Beijing-based artist originally from Liaoning Province, was seized on May 26, 2014 and criminally detained on charges of “creating a disturbance.” He was held at Shangri-La Detention Center in Yunnan Province until his release on “bail pending further investigation” on June 25, 2014 after 30 days of detention. The bail notice was issued by the Tongzhou Public Security Sub-Bureau in Beijing, who reportedly instructed the Yunnan authorities to detain Hua. In 2012, he was criminally detained and send to RTL for 15 months for “creating a disturbance” after he staged a commemoration performance in Tiananmen Square on June 4.

Ms Chen Jianfang (建芳), who went missing on May 13, 2014 had been criminally detained on suspicion of “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place.” She was held at the Pudong New District No. 1 Detention Center  until June 12, 2014 when she was released on “bail pending further investigation.” Chen went out of contact when she and lawyer Liu Shihui (刘士辉) tried to file a lawsuit, and he was taken into custody. Chen, 43, has assisted victims of forced eviction in Shanghai and was a close associate of Cao Shunli (曹顺利), the activist who died in detention in mid-March, in the campaign to demand civil society participation in the Universal Periodic Review.

bdfyH8d0Mr Wang Aizhong (王爱忠), a Guangzhou-activist, was criminally detained on May 29, 2014 on suspicion of “creating a disturbance.” He was held in Tianhe District Detention Center until he was released on “bail pending further investigation” on June 25, 2014. Wang was first taken in for questioning by national security officers in the morning of the 29th, before police came to his home with a search warrant and executed a search later in the day. That evening he was put under criminal detention. Wang took part in the New Citizens’ Movement protests in 2013 and has had his movement restricted before for his activism.

Mr Li Zhengran (李铮然), from Hengyang City, Hunan, was criminally detained in the June 4th crackdown after being seized on May 28, 2014. National security officers told the family it was because he had planned to create a June 4th discussion group online. Li was held at the Nanyue District Dentention Center in Hengyang City until his release on June 13, 2014

Ms Xin Jian (辛健), a Chongqing-based news assistant with Japan’s Nihon Keizai newspaper who had interviewed Pu Zhiqiang in the past, was taken into custody on May 13, 2014, but her family didn’t receive the criminal detention notice until May 26. Xin Jian was sent to Beijing after being seized, and she was held of suspicion of “creating a disturbance.” On May 26, Xin’s husband Wang Haichun (王海春) released a message asking friends in Chongqing to take care of her parents and child if he goes missing, as he planned to hold a news conference the next day to expose details of his wife’s case, but later cancelled it. Xin was released on June 7, 2014.

Mr Chen Junxian (陈俊贤), from Changsha City, Hunan, was criminally detained in the June 4th crackdown. Police seized Chen on May 24, 2014 at a restaurant with 11 other activists, and took them all to Left Jiatang Police Station in Changsha. He was later released on an unknown date in 2014.

Mr Chen Zhaozhi (陈兆志), a retired teacher from the University of Science and Technology in Beijing, Chen was criminally detained in Haidian District, Beijing in the second half of May 2014. Chen was likely taken away because he had posted a commemoration for June 4th online, and calling for a political rehabilitation of the events. He had previously been criminally detained in May 2013 after taking part in the New Citizens’ Movement-led demonstrations demanding official transparency, and had been bailed after contracting a serious illness. It is believed that Chen has already been released, though unclear when. It was also unclear if he received adequate medical treatment while detained.

Mr Shi Yu (石玉), a Henan journalist, was taken away by police on May 26, 2014 and was criminally detained the next day on charges of “gathering a crowd to disrupt order of a public place.” His charges were later changed to “creating a disturbance.” Shi was detained after taking part in a June 4th public memorial service in Hua County, Henan Province on February 2, 2014. He was held at No. 3 Detention Center of the Zhengzhou City Public Security Bureau Prison Administration Department. When he was taken away by police, his home was searched and police confiscated his computer, hard drive, notebooks and iPad. On July 3, 2014 he was released on “bail pending further investigation.”

Shao Shengdong (邵晟东), was criminally detained for taking part in the June 4th memorial service in February, and was held at the Zhengzhou No. 3 Detention Center. Shao was released on July 3, 2014 on “bail pending further investigation.”

Mr Li Xuehui (李学), a 50-year old Beijing-based activist, was taken away by police on May 20, 2014 and put under criminal detention on suspicion of “creating a disturbance” the next day. Li’s home was searched and police took away his computer, books, and other materials. Li had worked with Wang Xiuying (王秀英), an 83-year old activist, to create badges commemorating June 4th. On June 28, 2014 Li was released on “bail pending further investigation.” Li was an associate of Cao Shunli (曹顺利) and has been detained many times for his activism, including for a month in February 2014 after he tried visit Cao in hospital before her death.

Eight individuals were criminally detained in Hubei Province on May 17, 2014 on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power,” while Sheng Guan (), an activist-turned-Buddhist priest, was giving a lecture on Buddhism at the Shangri-La Hotel in Wuhan. Police entered the hotel and detained all who had arrived. Sheng Guan is a veteran of the 1989 pro-democracy movement. Six were later released on “bail pending further investigation,” while Sheng Guan and one other individual were later convicted of “inciting subversion.”

Mr Ma Qiang (马强), was taken into custody on May 17, 2014, and criminally detained on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power.” He was listening to a lecture by Buddhist monk Sheng Guan when Wuhan police seized him and several others. Ma was held at Jiang’an District Detention Center in Wuhan. He was released on “bail pending further investigation” on June 16, 2014.

Mr Chen Jianxiong (陈剑), was taken into custody on May 17, 2014 and criminally detained on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power.” He was listening to a lecture by Buddhist monk Sheng Guan when Wuhan police seized him and several others (see above). Chen was held at Jiang’an District Detention Center in Wuhan. He was released on “bail pending further investigation” on June 17, 2014.

Mr Wan Li (万里), was taken into custody on May 17, 2014 and criminally detained on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power.” He was listening to a lecture by Buddhist monk Sheng Guan when Wuhan police seized him and several others. Wan was held at Jiang’an District Detention Center in Wuhan. He was released on “bail pending further investigation” on June 17, 2014.

Mr Cai Congfu (), was taken into custody on May 17, 2014, and criminally detained on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power.” He was listening to a lecture by Buddhist monk Sheng Guan when Wuhan police seized him and several others. Chai was held at Jiang’an District Detention Center in Wuhan but was released on “bail pending further investigation” on June 25, 2014

Ms Xie Li (), was taken into custody on May 17, 2014, and was criminally detained on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power.” She was listening to a lecture by Buddhist monk Sheng Guan when Wuhan police seized her and several others. Xie was released on “bail pending further investigation” on an unknown date.

Ms Li Wenchan (李文禅), was taken into custody on May 17, 2014, and was criminally detained on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power.” She listening to a lecture by Buddhist monk Sheng Guan when Wuhan police seized her and several others. Li was released on bail on May 19, 2014 because she suffers from high-blood pressure.

Mr Leu Wei (刘伟), a 27-year old netizen, was forcibly returned to Chongqing from Beijing and criminally detained on charges of “creating a disturbance” on May 17, 2014. Liu was held for 30 days, until he was then forcibly committed to the Leshan City Psychiatric Hospital after authorities threatened his parents. Liu was released on November 3, 2014. Liu had travelled to Beijing in April to visit a friend and took a photo of himself in Tiananmen Square, which is believed to have led to his detention. In 2011, Liu Wei was sentenced to two years of Re-education through Labor after posting information online about the “Jasmine Revolution,” and authorities have monitored Liu since his release in January 2013.

Ms Zhang Jinfeng (张金风), a Shandong activist, was criminally detained on May 17, 2014 on charges of “creating a disturbance” in Beijing. She went missing after taking part in a June Fourth commemoration activity and delivering a letter signed by many activists which paid respects to the Tiananmen Mothers. From Ji’nan City, Zhang was released on June 17, 2014 on “bail pending investigation.” Upon her return home, she discovered her home had been searched and many of her belongings had been seized. Many activists believed Zhang had been taken “travelling” over June 4, but she failed to return home after others were released. It was leaked by the local police station in her area that she was taken away by Beijing police.

Mr Liu Shihui (刘士辉), a 49-year old Guangzhou-based lawyer, was criminally detained on May 14, 2014 in Shanghai and released into the custody of national security officers from Inner Mongolia on May 26, 2014. Liu was held on charges of “gathering a crowd to disrupt the order of a public place” at Pudong New District Detention Center, before he was released and forcibly returned to Inner Mongolia. Liu reported he suffered a hand injury while being violently taken to the airport from the detention center. Liu had gone to Shanghai to represent activist Chen Jianfang (陈建芳) at a hearing on May 13 for a lawsuit that Chen filed seeking public information from the Pudong District Public Security Bureau. Police turned Liu away from the courtroom and later took him into custody. Authorities declined requests by his lawyer Zhang Lei (张磊) for a meeting until May 21, 2014 when he found that Liu was weak and gaunt, and that Liu did not even recognize him at first. In recent years, police have detained, threatened, and tortured Liu in retaliation for defending a wide range of human rights cases, and authorities have revoked his law license.

Several activists were criminally detained on May 10, 2014 after trying to monitor a court trial involving Guangdong activist Li Weiguo (李维国). Li had filed a complaint over his detention and deprivation of assembly rights that occurred in 2013 after he and others had applied to hold a demonstration on June Fourth. Li had been taken into custody by Haizhu police in late May of 2013 and then served a 15-day administrative detention. A lower court heard Li’s case in January and upheld the original punishment, finding it legally justified.

Mr Luo Xiangyang (罗向阳), from Guangdong, was criminally detained for “creating a disturbance” on May 10, 2014 after being seized outside the Guangzhou City Intermediate People’s Court on May 5. Seized by Foshan City officers, he was held in Nanhai District Detention Center until his release on an unknown date after June 4th.

Mr Wu Bin (吴斌, who uses the screen name Youcai Jianghu, 秀才江湖), from Guangdong, was criminally detained for “creating a disturbance” on May 10, 2014 after being seized outside the Guangzhou City Intermediate People’s Court on May 5. Held in the Foshan City Chancheng Detention Center, he was released on June 3, 2014 and held under restrictions by national security officers until June 5.

Mr Xie Wenfei (谢文飞), from Guangdong, was criminally detained for “creating a disturbance” on May 10, 2014 after being seized outside the Guangzhou City Intermediate People’s Court on May 5. Held in the Foshan City Chancheng Detention Center, he was released on June 4, 2014.

Mr Yang Chong (杨崇), from Guangdong, was criminally detained for “creating a disturbance” on May 10, 2014 after being seized outside the Guangzhou City Intermediate People’s Court on May 5. Held in the Foshan City Chancheng Detention Center, he was released on June 5, 2014.

Ms Zhang Wanhe (张皖荷), from Guangdong, was criminally detained for “creating a disturbance” on May 10, 2014 after being seized outside the Guangzhou City Intermediate People’s Court on May 5. Seized by Foshan City officers, she was held in Nanhai District Detention Center until her release after June 4th on an unknown date.

Ms Wu Wei (吴微), who frequently interviewed lawyer Pu Zhiqiang during her career as a Beijing-based journalist, was criminally detained on charges of “creating a disturbance.” She initially disappeared on May 7, 2014 after being taken away by state security officers. Her last weibo post, sent out on that same day, discussed Pu’s case. Wu, now an adviser for the International Center for Communication Development, used to work for the South China Morning Post in Beijing. Wu was released on June 7, 2014.

Mr Chen Guang (陈光), a former PLA soldier turned artist, Chen was taken away by Beijing police on May 7, 2014  and criminally detained, though its unclear on what charges. Chen was held at Tongzhou District Detention Center until his release on June 13, 2014. The detention of Chen, a soldier who helped clear up Tiananmen Square after the government crackdown, is probably related to a piece of performance art he gave on April 29, which touched upon the event.

Approximately 20 human rights lawyers, dissidents, and family members of June Fourth victims attended a seminar in Beijing on May 3, 2014, where they discussed unresolved issues about the Tiananmen Massacre and called for investigation of the truth surrounding the tragic events. One participant, lawyer Pu Zhiqiang, later was convicted of other crimes in retaliation for his Internet speech.

Many participants at a “Commemorating June Fourth Seminar,” held on May 3 in Beijing, were criminally detained, including lawyer Pu Zhiqiang (浦志强, at front right).

Many participants at a “Commemorating June Fourth Seminar,” held on May 3 in Beijing, were criminally detained, including lawyer Pu Zhiqiang (浦志强, at front right).

Mr Hao Jian (郝建), a Beijing Film Academy professor and critic, was seized after taking part in the seminar held in his home, and was criminally detained on charges of “creating a disturbance” on May 6, 2014. Hao was held at Beijing No. 1 Detention Center until he was released on “bail pending further investigation” in the afternoon of June 5, 2014 after spending 31 days in detention. His movement and communications were restricted, such as not being allowed to leave the city or write articles or conduct other activities, for one year without police permission. Hao lost a cousin in the Tiananmen Massacre.

Mr Hu Shigen (胡石根), a dissident writer, was seized after taking part in the seminar and was criminally detained on charges of “creating a disturbance” on May 6, 2014. Hu was held at Beijing No. 1 Detention Center until he was released on “bail pending further investigation” in the afternoon of June 5, 2014 after spending 31 days in detention. His movement and communications were restricted, such as not being allowed to leave the city or write articles or conduct other activities, for one year without police permission.

Ms Liu Di (刘荻), a writer/blogger, was seized after taking part in the seminar and was criminally detained on charges of “creating a disturbance” on May 6, 2014. She was held at Beijing No. 1 Detention Center. On May 9, Liu was denied a scheduled visit from her lawyers Ma Gangquan (马纲权) and Ding Xikui (丁锡奎). Authorities from the detention center said that she was being arraigned when the attorneys arrived. The lawyers waited for several hours after being told that she was unavailable, and they were advised to come back on May 12 to see her. Liu Di, who has written online under the name “Stainless Steel Mouse,” first rose to prominence in 2002 after being detained for satirizing the government’s Internet restrictions. Liu was released on “bail pending further investigation” in the afternoon of June 5, 2014 after spending 31 days in detention. Her movement and communications were restricted, such as not being allowed to leave the city or write articles or conduct other activities, for one year without police permission.

Mr Xu Youyu (徐友渔), a scholar retired from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, was seized after taking part in the seminar and was criminally detained on charges of “creating a disturbance” on May 6, 2014. Xu was held at Beijing No. 1 Detention Center until being released on “bail pending further investigation” in the afternoon of June 5, 2014 after spending 31 days in detention. During a visit with Xu, lawyers Mo Shaoping (莫少平) and Shang Baojun (尚宝军) observed that Xu looked frail. In addition, Xu told them that his blood pressure is high and that police have not permitted him to take any diabetic medicine that Xu himself brought into detention. Xu Youyu, one of the original signatories to Charter 08, the manifesto promoting political reform and democratization in China, witnessed the 1989 demonstrations in Tiananmen Square. The conditions of his bail means his movement and communications were restricted, such as not being allowed to leave the city, write articles or conduct other activities for up to one year without police permission.

Administrative Detention

Mr Liu Shaoming (刘少明), a worker and activist from Jiangxi, was administratively detained by Guangzhou police for 10 days on June 4, 2014 for “incitement or engineering an illegal gathering, parade or demonstration.” Liu, who had been held under house arrest since May 26, had been summoned for questioning by police from Huadu District on June 3. Upon his release, his detention certificate also listed the crime “organising and inciting other to engage in activities of cults.” Liu took part in the 1989 student demonstrations and had been jailed for a year as a result. He has also taken part in activities in support of Liu Ping (刘萍) and the Xinyu activists, as well as the four lawyers in Jiansanjiang.

Zhou Yahue (周亚华), an online activist Yueyang City, Hunan, was administratively detained for 10 days in the June 4th crackdown. Zhou went on a hunger strike while in detention to protest his deprivation of liberty and rights.

Ma Shengfen (马胜芬), an activist from Guangdong, was give an 10-day adminsitrative detention on May 31, 2014 after she was seized on the way to a armed police hospital with Zhang Shengyu (below). Ma was released on June 11, 2014.

Mr Zhang Shengyu (张圣雨 aka Zhang Rongping 张荣平), an activist from Guangdong, went missing on May 31, 2014 when he was seized after accompanying Ma Shengfen (马胜芬) to an armed police hospital. The two activists from the “Southern Street Movement” were given 10 day administrative detention penalities, and Ma was released on June 11, 2014. Zhang did not return home immediately after his release, and police did not notify his family of an extension to his detention. Zhang’s whereabouts were unknown until July 11, 2014 when he phoned a friend to say he had been released from Haizhu Detention Center in Guangzhou. Zhang is an activist with the “Southern Street Movement.”

Mr Fan Yiping (范一平), a Guangzhou activist, was administratively detained on May 27, 2014 for 15-days for “creating a disturbance” and released on June 10, 2014. Police first took Fan “travelling” for two days, before searching his home and detaining him. Fan has previously been imprisoned for his activism.

Huang Yijian (黄怡剑), from Hengyang City, Hunan, was administratively detained in the June 4th crackdown.

Tan Aijun (谭爱军), a Yulin City, Guangxi activist, was taken away by police on June 3, 2014. Tan was given a 5-day administrative detention.

Li Xiaolong (黎小龙), a Yulin City, Guangxi activist, was taken away by police on June 3, 2014. Li was given a 5-day administrative detention.

Zhang Wei

 

 

Mr Zhang Wei (张维), a Guangxi activist, he was taken away by police on June 3, 2014 and was later given a 10-day administrative detention. Hours before he was seized, Zhang had posted a photo online of him commemorating June 4th with three other activists, including Duan Qixian (端启宪). Officers from Jianshe Police Station seized Zhang as he walked home, and did not give any information of his whereabouts to the family.

 

Mr Guo Jian (郭建), a Chinese-Australian artist, he was taken away by police on June 1, 2014 and given a 15-day administrative detention. Guo was held in a suburban Beijing detention center on a visa-related charged, and will be deported. The Australian Embassy in Beijing reported it had been in contact with Chinese authorities. It is believed his detention comes after an interview he gave with Financial Times, where he discussed his private commemoration of June 4th with artwork, including a diorama of Tiananmen Square covered in 160 kilograms of meat. Guo was a PLA soldier during the Sino-Vietnamese war, and staged a 7-day hunger strike in 1989 in solidarity with the student demonstrators.

Mr Zhang Qi (张起), a Chongqing coordinator for the Independent Chinese PEN, was put under administrative detention for 10 days on June 2, 2014 after he interviewed Hu Jia (胡佳) on May 31. Chongqing police took Zhang away on June 1, and detained him the next day. Zhang’s interview with Hu was to be put online if anything happened to Hu, however police also linked his detention to a discussion he had on Twitter with a friend several months before about “returning to Tiananmen.” Authorities had cut off his Internet weeks prior to the anniversary and warned him to not conduct any activities to commemorate June Fourth. Zhang said police deleted materials off his hard drive and possibly implanted surveillance equipment into his mobile phone. Zhang, 31, has been holding commemoration activities for the Tiananmen Massacre for several years and has been jailed before for his writings.

Ms Li Hongwei (李红卫), a Shandong activist, was given a seven-day administrative detention on May 25, 2014 in order to block her and her husband Chen Qingquan (陈清泉) from commemorating the 25th anniversary of June 4th during her birthday dinner. Plainclothes police were monitoring the restaurant in Jinan City, and after Chen took a photo of the police, they beat him and took him and Li away in a police car. Li began her activism in 2007 when her home was forcibly demolished, and has been sentenced to Re-education through Labor and held black jails in retaliation for her activism.

Mr Chen Qingquan (陈清泉), the husband of Shandong activist Li Hongwei (李红卫), was given a five-day administrative detention after police dragged him and his wife away from her birthday dinner on May 25, 2014. Chen was beaten by police after he took a photo of them in the restaurant, where officers were monitoring the group.

Several activists were administratively detained on May 5, 2014 for “creating a disturbance” after going to Shaoyang City to pay tribute to the 1989 labor leader Li Wangyang (李旺阳). Li died under mysterious circumstances in a hospital while in police custody around the June Fourth anniversary in 2012.

Mr Li Jianjun (黎建军) was given a five-day administrative detention by Hunan police on May 5, 2014. A few weeks later he was summoned by Huaihua City national security officers for questioning and warned that he will not be allowed out during June 4th. Guangzhou national security officers questioned Li about lawyer Tang Jingling (唐荆陵), and they searched his home, confiscating rights materials Tang had sent. Li was released from soft detention on June 6th.

Mr Zhang Shanguang (张善光) was given a five-day administrative detention by Hunan police on May 5, 2014. From Huaihua, Zhang was then taken in by national security officers on May 29 for police questioning. Zhang was warned not to participate in any June 4th commemoration activities, and his movements are being strictly monitored.

Mr Ou Biaofeng (欧彪峰) was given a five-day administrative detention by Hunan police on May 5, 2014.

Detained

Mr Wang Debang (王德邦), a former 1989 student leader, was abruptly seized away from his home in Guilin, Guangxi Province by police on June 3, 2014 who refuse to tell his family where they took him, and was held for two days until June 5. Wang was then taken away by police again on June 17, 2014 for posting an essay online about June 4th and questioned for three hours. He had been previously warned by national security officers not to commemorate June 4th. Wang was also one of the original signatories of Charter 08.

Mr Ye Du (野渡 also known as Wu Wei 吴伟), a member of the Independent Chinese PEN center, he was taken away by Guangzhou police on June 3, 2014 and later released.

Wang Yi (王怡), a Chengdu-based church leader, Wang was seized from his home by seven or eight officers and taken to the Gongye Park Police Station in Wuhou District on June 4, 2014. The leader of the Autumn Rain Church of Christ, Wang had organized a ‘National Prayer’ and fast for June 4, but had been warned by police the day before not to hold it. Police then cut the water and power to the church’s building in order to block the prayer on the 4th, and later seized Wang. Wang began the church in 2005, and later brought a lawsuit against the Religious Affairs Bureau after they tried to block the formal establishment. He has since been released, though it is not clear on what date.

On the evening of May 13, 2014 11 activists were seized by police while having dinner in Hangzhou who believed they were taking part in a June 4th commemoration activity. Four were taken to Lingyinsi Police Station, and it is unclear where the other seven were taken.

Police seized 11 activists who were eating dinner on May 13 in Hangzhou

Police seized 11 activists who were eating dinner on May 13 in Hangzhou

Wang Yi (王译), was seized by police in the evening of May 13, 2014 while in a restaurant with 10 other activists. Wang was taken to the Lingyinsi Police Station in Hangzhou.

Hua Chunhui (华春辉), was seized by police in the evening of May 13, 2014 while in a restaurant with 10 other activists. Hua was taken to the Lingyinsi Police Station in Hangzhou.

Liu Ningjun (刘宁军), was seized by police in the evening of May 13, 2014 while in a restaurant with 10 other activists. Liu was taken to the Lingyinsi Police Station in Hangzhou.

Mo Zhixu (莫之许), was seized by Hangzhou police in the evening of May 13, 2014 while in a restaurant with 10 other activists.

Wang Wusi (王五四), was seized by Hangzhou police in the evening of May 13, 2014 while in a restaurant with 10 other activists.

Deng Kai (邓凯), was seized by Hangzhou police in the evening of May 13, 2014 while in a restaurant with 10 other activists.

Yu Haiqian (余怀谦), was seized by Hangzhou police in the evening of May 13, 2014 while in a restaurant with 10 other activists.

Zhuang Daohe (庄道鹤), was seized by Hangzhou police in the evening of May 13, 2014 while in a restaurant with 10 other activists.

Fei (just surname is known ), was seized by Hangzhou police in the evening of May 13, 2014 while in a restaurant with 10 other activists.

Wen Kejian (温克坚), was seized by Hangzhou police in the evening of May 13, 2014 while in a restaurant with 10 other activists.

Tong Shidong (佟适冬), a Changsha activist, was seized by police on May 24, 2014 at a restaurant with 11 other activists. Police took them to Left Jiatang Police Station in Changsha.

Xie Changzhen (谢长桢), a Changsha activist, was seized by police on May 24, 2014 at a restaurant with 11 other activists. Police took them to Left Jiatang Police Station in Changsha.

Wuye Feiying (only screen name is known 雾夜飞鹰), a Changsha activist, was seized by police on May 24, 2014 at a restaurant with 11 other activists. Police took them to Left Jiatang Police Station in Changsha.

Zhouzhou Zhuzhou (only screen name is known 周周煮粥), a Changsha activist, was seized by police on May 24, 2014 at a restaurant with 11 other activists. Police took them to Left Jiatang Police Station in Changsha.

Mr. Ou Biaofeng ( screen name is known 小彪), a Changsha activist, was seized by police on May 24, 2014 at a restaurant with 11 other activists. Police took them to Left Jiatang Police Station in Changsha.

Mr Zhang Haitao (张海涛), a Xinjiang activist, he was seized by police outside his house on June 4, 2014 and taken to Zhangya South Street Police Station and held for one day before being released.

Soft Detention

Ms Wang Liping (王莉萍), a 71-year old petitioner from Xi’an, was taken to a “black jail” on June 4th.

Ms Zhang Qunxuan (张群选), the wife of jailed dissident Chen Xi (陈西), was taken forcibly travelling on June 4-5, 2014 by national security officers in Guiyang City, Guizhou Province with their daughter. Zhang suffers from severe diabeties and had been hospitalised prior to being put under soft detention.

Mr Huang Yanming (黄燕明), a activist from Guizhou, was taken forcibly “travelling” by police from Weiqing Police Station on May 31, 2014. Huang said he was held in a guesthouse in the courtyard of the Guizhou High People’s Court, essentially a “black jail”, until his release on June 8, 2014.

Mr Mi Chongbiao (糜崇彪), an activist from Guizhou, Mi and his wife were held under house arrest after taking part in a June 4th commemoration event.

Ms Li Kezhen (李克珍), the wife of Mi Chongbiao (糜崇彪), she was held under house arrest with her husband.

Mr Sun Juchang (孙举昌), a dissident from Qingdao, Shandong Province, was in Beijing with his wife before police seized them on May 27, 2014. They were forcibly sent back to their hometown where their movements were controlled.

Ouyang Jinghua (欧阳经华), from Shaoyang City, Hunan, was held under house arrest during the June 4th crackdown.

Tang Haiding (唐海丁), from Shaoyang City, Hunan, was held under house arrest during the June 4th crackdown.

Yang Sheng (杨圣), from Shaoyang City, Hunan, was held under house arrest during the June 4th crackdown.

Liu Shaohua (刘少华), from Shaoyang City, Hunan, was held under house arrest during the June 4th crackdown.

Zhao Zhihua (赵志华), from Shaoyang City, Hunan, was held under house arrest during the June 4th crackdown.

Li Zanmin (李赞民), from Shaoyang City, Hunan, was held under house arrest during the June 4th crackdown.

Mr Duan Qixian (端启宪), a Nanning City activist, he was put under house arrest by Guangxi police until June 5. Duan had posed in a photo posted online of him commemorating June 4th with three other activists, including Zhang Wei (张维) who was given a 10-day administrative detention.

Ms Ding Zilin (丁子林), the head of the Tiananmen Mothers, was taken away from her home in Beijing and put under house arrest from June 4-7, 2014. Ding, whose son was killed in the Tiananmen Square massacre, has been campaigning for truth and accountability. According to her, the suppression of the Tiananmen Mothers under the leadership of Xi Jinping has been far greater that ever before.

Mr Li Deming (李德茗), a Hunan activist, was held under house arrest at a guesthouse until being released on June 8, 2014. Fenghuang County authorities took Li away and restricted his access to Internet and mobile phones as well. From the Huangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Li was a veteran of the Vietnam War and worked with military veterans turned petitioners and on ethnic minority rights.

Mr Feng Zhenghu (冯正虎), a Shanghai activist, was placed under house arrest on June 3, 2014 to restrict his movements around the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Massacre. Feng was one of the initial signatories of Charter 08.

Starting on May 20, 2014 approximately 16 Beijing activists, dissidents and scholars, many of whom were involved in the 1989 movement, have been under 24-hour strict monitoring, or were forcibly taken “travelling” by authorities out of Beijing.

Mr Zhou Duo (周舵), a constitutional scholar, he had been under 24-hour surveillance starting on May 20, 2014 in Beijing. Zhou was imprisoned for a year for his role in the pro-democracy protests in 1989.

Mr Cao Siyuan (曹思源), a dissident scholar, he had been under 24-hour surveillance starting on May 20, 2014 in Beijing.

Mr Zhang Zuhua (张祖桦), a human rights and democracy activist, he had been under 24-hour surveillance starting May 20, 2014 in Beijing.

Mr Hu Jia (胡佳), a 40 year-old Beijing-based rights activist, was under house arrest from February 24, 2014 to June 8, with 24-hour surveillance starting on May 20. Though freed from house arrest, he is still under constant surveillance, as he has been since 2004, except for the period from 2008-2011 when he was in prison.

Mr Li Hai (李海), a former student leader in 1989, he had been under 24-hour surveillance starting on May 20, 2014 in Beijing.

Mr He Depu (何德浦), a Chinese dissident, he had been under 24-hour surveillance starting on May 20, 2014 in Beijing.

Ms Ye Jingchun (野靖春), an activist, she had been under 24-hour surveillance starting on May 20, 2014 in Beijing.

Mr Li Jinping (李金平), an activist, he had been under 24-hour surveillance starting on May 20, 2014 in Beijing.

Mr Kang Yuchun (康玉春), a pro-democracy activist, he had been under 24-hour surveillance starting on May 20, 2014 in Beijing.

Mr Bao Tong (鲍彤), former political secretary of CCP Secretary-General Zhao Ziyang (赵紫阳), he had been forcibly taken “travelling” by authorities in order to leave Beijing before June 4th.

Mr Zha Jianguo (查建国), a democracy activist, had been forcibly taken “travelling” by authorities in order to leave Beijing before June 4th. He is a veteran of the Democracy Wall Movement.

Mr Gao Hongming (高洪明), a democracy activist, he had been forcibly taken “travelling” by authorities in order to leave Beijing before June 4th. He is a veteran of the Democracy Wall Movement.

Mr Yan Zhengxue (严正学), a dissident artist, he had been forcibly taken “travelling” by authorities in order to leave Beijing before June 4th.

Ms Zhu Chunliu (朱春柳), wife of Yan Zhengxue, she had been forcibly taken “travelling” by authorities in order to leave Beijing before June 4th.

Mr Qi Zheyong (齐志勇), an activist who was wounded in the 1989 Tiananmen Massacre, he had been forcibly taken “travelling” by authorities in order to leave Beijing before June 4th.

Ms Qi Yueying (齐月英), a victim of a forced demolition of her home and activist, she had been forcibly taken “travelling” by authorities in order to leave Beijing before June 4th.

Mr Hu Jun (胡军), a 48-year old Xinjiang activist, had his home searched on May 27, 2014 and was later placed under six-month residential surveillance on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power.” Changji Prefecture police confiscated his computer, phone, external hard drive and other materials. He had previously been summoned for questioning on May 4. Hu Jun is a paraplegic, who continues to advocate on behalf of petitioners and has been monitored for a long time as a result.

Mr Yang Hai (杨海), a Xi’an based activist, was taken “travelling” by national security officers on May 27, 2014 in order to ensure he would be away for June 4th. According to his younger brother, police searched Yang’s home on May 30. Held for 10 days, Yang was released on June 6, 2014. Yang was a former student leader in the 1989 pro-democracy protests.

Mr Li Renke (李任科), a democracy activist from Guiyang City, Guizhou Province, was taken away by police on May 20, 2014 and held in a “black jail” in the mountains until June 10, in a bid by authorities to keep him away during June 4th.

Mr Ma Xiaoming (马晓明), a Xi’an-based activist, had been held under strict 24-hour house arrest starting on May 20, 2014. Ma is frequently put under house arrest during visits to Xi’an from foreign dignitaries or central government inspectors, and every year on June 4th his movement is restricted. A former journalist, Ma Xiaoming lost his job after joining the Tiananmen pro-democracy movement in 1989.

Mr Tan Kai (谭凯), an environmental activist and member of the China Democracy Party in Zhejiang, who was detained at same time as Xu Guang (徐光) on May 9, 2014 has been released but reportedly placed under “residential surveillance.”

Summoned/Questioned by Police

Zhou Jie (周杰), from Changsha, Hunan, was taken to “drink tea” by police and warned about commemorating June 4th.

Shao Jianjun (邵佳均), from Changsha, Hunan, was taken to “drink tea” by police and warned about commemorating June 4th.

Qian Hui (钱辉), from Changsha, Hunan, was taken to “drink tea” by police and warned about commemorating June 4th.

Fan Junyi (樊均益), from Changsha, Hunan, was taken to “drink tea” by police and warned about commemorating June 4th.

Liang Taiping (梁太平), from Changsha, Hunan, was taken to “drink tea” by police and warned about commemorating June 4th.

Zhu Chengzhi (朱承志), a Hunan activist living in Kunming, Yunnan Province, was taken in for question on June 4, 2014 by officers from Xihua County Police Station in Xishan District, Kunming.

Mr Li Jianjun (李建军), an activist from Huaihua, Hunan, was taken in by national security officers on May 29, 2014 to “drink tea,” a euphemism for police questioning. Li was warned not to participate in any June 4th commemoration activities, and Li’s movements were strictly monitored.

Mr  Huang Yonghua (黄勇华) was brought in by Hunan national security officers “to drink tea,” a euphemism for police questioning, on May 27, 2014. They questioned him on what June 4th activities he was involved in, and warned him not to take part in any events or make online statements. He was also told not to leave Hengyang City. Huang has had his movements controlled around June 4th since 2012.

Mr An Ning (安宁), a democracy activist, was seized by Zhengzhou City, Henan police and held for 24 hours. Police searched his house and confiscated a computer. An Ning was a student during the 1989 pro-democracy protests and was arrested and sent to jail as a result.

Mr Guo Yongfeng (郭永丰), a democracy activist, was summoned for questioning on May 22-23, 2014 by Shenzhen national security officers and told that his movements will be restricted on June 4th. He was told that from May 24 until June 7, he would not be allowed to make any public statements and must completely cease all online activity. Guo is a signatory of Charter 08 and the founder of the Citizens’ Association for Government Oversight (公民监政会), and has previously been retaliated against for his activism, including being sent to Re-education through Labor.

Mr Lü Gengsong (吕耿松), a Hangzhou Democracy Party member, had his home searched by seven or eight officers, and was summoned for questioning by police on May 12, 2014. Police seized a computer, two mobile phones, as well as other materials after arriving in the afternoon with a search warrant. Police then took him to Cuiyuan Police Station in the West Lake District for questioning on unclear grounds.

Ms Cui Weiping (崔卫平), a professor at Beijing Film Academy, was summoned for questioning after taking part in the June 4th seminar in Beijing on May 3, 2014 and was subsequently released.

Ms Guo Yuhua (郭于华), a Qinghua University professor, was summoned for questioning after taking part in the June 4th seminar in Beijing on May 3, 2014 and was subsequently released.

Mr Qin Hui (秦晖), a scholar, was summoned for questioning after taking part in the June 4th seminar in Beijing on May 3, 2014 and was subsequently released.

Ms Liang Xiaoyan (梁晓燕), a scholar and writer, was summoned for questioning after taking part in the June 4th seminar in Beijing on May 3, 2014 and was subsequently released.

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Ms Wang Xiuying (王秀英), an 83-year old activist, had her home searched by Beijing police on May 22, 2014 after she signed a petition commemorating the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Massacre. Wang also helped activist Li Xuehui (李学慧) create June 4th posters. Police confiscated her computer, camera, and June 4th materials. Wang had previously been sent to Re-education through Labor during the 2008 Olympics.

 

 

 

 

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