Justice & Accountability for Persecuted Lawyers in “709” Crackdown

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Justice & Accountability for Persecuted Lawyers in “709” Crackdown

(Network of Chinese Human Rights Defenders – July 9, 2018) – Perpetrators should be held to account for the Chinese government’s ongoing persecution of human rights lawyers, says CHRD, on this third anniversary of the “709” Crackdown. Beginning on July 9, 2015, over 300 lawyers and activists faced various abuses, including interrogation, detention, imprisonment, disappearance, and torture. No police officers or other government personnel have been investigated, much less criminally prosecuted, for their role in seriously violating the human rights of these lawyers Today, many Chinese lawyers who provide legal defense to persecuted human rights defenders, dissidents, and ethnic and religious minorities continue to be arbitrarily detained and deprived of licences to practice law.

CHRD has urged the US government to place sanctions on Zhao Fei (left), who headed the Tianjin PSB during the “709” Crackdown, among whose victims is still-disappeared lawyer Wang Quanzhang (right).

This May, CHRD submitted evidence under the US Global Magnitsky Act, calling on the US Government to sanction Zhao Fei, the former director of the Tianjin Public Security Bureau, for his role in the crackdown on Chinese lawyers. The absence of both justice for victims and accountability on the part of Chinese authorities who ordered or carried out the arbitrary detentions, forced disappearances, and acts of torture, have gone hand-in-hand with escalating persecution of lawyers since the crackdown was launched. Lawyer Wang Quanzhang remains forcibly disappeared after nearly three years in custody, and there have been numerous forced confessions and convictions.

Zhao Fei is currently a Tianjin Municipal Standing Committee Member and the Secretary of the Tianjin Municipal Politics and Law Committee, both prominent Communist Party positions. In the three years he headed the Tianjin PSB, from July 2014 to July 2017, Zhao presided over the enforced disappearances, arbitrary detention, and torture of lawyers and activists, who were mostly detained in Tianjin or transferred there and then disappeared. Nineteen individual cases involving serious human rights abuses can be directly linked to the Tianjin PSB while Zhao was the police chief.

After coordinated police operations were launched in July 2015, police summoned for questioning lawyers and activists and raided three law firms across the country. It became evident that the Tianjin PSB had been given jurisdiction over these cases when authorities from the city formally arrested 19 of the “709” detainees who had been secretly detained for at least six months. In 2016 and 2017, the Tianjin Municipal No. 2 People’s Court convicted six individuals of “subversion of state power,” including two lawyers. Three of these prisoners are serving sentences of seven or more years.

The crackdown has been a blatant affront to rule-of-law principles, which China claims to respect, and a politicized attack on civil society. Those affected had been targeted as retaliation for their professional conduct as lawyers or as activists supporting rule of law development and independence of the criminal justice system.

With Zhao Fei in command, the Tianjin PSB ignored or grossly perverted provisions in China’s Criminal Procedure Law (CPL), Criminal Law, and Lawyers Law and the country’s Constitution. Police handling the cases in Tianjin routinely flouted detainees’ due process rights, often making use of vague legal loopholes related to “national security” concerns to keep individuals held incommunicado. Serious human and legal rights violations perpetrated during the crackdown include:

  • Enforced disappearances enabled by Article 73 of the CPL, which allows for “residential surveillance in a designated location” (RSDL), a provision which the UN CAT has called on the Chinese government to repeal as “a matter of urgency”;
  • Arbitrary detention on politicized charges of “subversion of state power” or “inciting subversion”;
  • Denied right to lawyer of the detainees’ own or their families’ choice;
  • Unlawful delays in notifying family members of victims’ detention status and, in the case of Wang Quanzhang, the ongoing lack of information provided to his family during his nearly three-year disappearance;
  • Prolonged pre-trial detention;
  • Closed-door trials that did not abide by international standards;
  • State media used to vilify rights defenders and deny their right to the presumption of innocence;
  • Credible allegations of torture and other forms of inhumane treatment. After being released, several lawyers revealed they had been tortured and mistreated in RSDL, including being beaten, deprived of sleep for long periods, and forced to take unknown medications despite not suffering from conditions requiring such treatment; and
  • Government retaliation against family members.

The US Government’s application of the Global Magnitsky Act—by sanctioning a police chief for presiding over these serious rights abuses—would send a strong signal that the detention, disappearance, and torture of human rights activists and lawyers are completely unacceptable, and that the perpetrators’ enjoyment of impunity must end. Such an action could have a deterrent effect on officials’ carrying out of President Xi Jinping’s repressive policies and implementation of the CCP’s draconian rule.

The US Government must build upon actions taken in December 2017, when the Treasury Department sanctioned Beijing police official Gao Yan for his role in the arbitrary detention and death of activist Cao Shunli. Cao died in March 2014 as a result of being deprived of urgent medical treatment while in custody.

Having pulled out of the UN Human Rights Council, the Trump Administration must demonstrate that it remains committed to ending human rights abuses and seeking accountability and justice around the world. Such a commitment is particularly crucial at a time when China, along with other governments with poor human rights records, is filling some of the vacuum of influence on the HRC by aggressively promoting their agenda to weaken international human rights standards, dismantle UN rights mechanisms, and interfere in the functions of independent human rights experts.

For more about the “709” Crackdown and persecution of Chinese rights lawyers, see this information on CHRD’s website:

Individuals Affected by July 9 Crackdown on Rights Lawyers

China Strips Rights Lawyers’ Licenses in Reprisal Against Their Push for Rule of Law

Free Jiang Tianyong & End Suppression on Lawyers

China Must End Legalized Enforced Disappearances

End 2-Year Crackdown on Lawyers, Hold Chinese Government Accountable

CHRD Demands Accountability & Justice for Victims of Torture


Renee Xia, International Director (Mandarin, English), +1 863 866 1012, reneexia[at]nchrd.org, Follow on Twitter: @ReneeXiaCHRD

Victor Clemens, Researcher (English), +1 209 643 0539, victorclemens[at]nchrd.org, Follow on Twitter: @VictorClemens

Frances Eve, Researcher (English), +852 6695 4083 franceseve[at]nchrd.org, Follow on Twitter: @FrancesEveCHRD


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